Abstract of The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC:

The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC
The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC

The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector is described. The detector operates at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. It was conceived to study proton-proton (and lead-lead) collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 14 TeV (5.5 TeV nucleon-nucleon) and at luminosities up to 1034 cm−2 s−1 (1027 cm−2 s−1). At the core of the CMS detector sits a high-magnetic-field and large-bore superconducting solenoid surrounding an all-silicon pixel and strip tracker, a lead-tungstate scintillating-crystals electromagnetic calorimeter, and a brass-scintillator sampling hadron calorimeter. The iron yoke of the flux-return is instrumented with four stations of muon detectors covering most of the 4π solid angle. Forward sampling calorimeters extend the pseudorapidity coverage to high values (|η| ≤ 5) assuring very good hermeticity. The overall dimensions of the CMS detector are a length of 21.6 m, a diameter of 14.6 m and a total weight of 12500 t.

Key words: Computing, Cloud Computing, Grid Computing, Detector Infrastructure and Safety Systems, Data Acquisition, Trigger, Muon System, Forward Detectors, Hadron Calorimeter, Electromagnetic Calorimeter, Inner Tracking System, Superconducting Magnet

At the time of this paper, the apparatus is essentially completed and installed. After more than 10 years of design and construction, the CMS magnet has been constructed and successfully tested. Most of the magnetic, electrical, mechanical, and cryogenics parameters measured during the tests are in good agreement with calculated values. The CMS magnet is the largest superconducting solenoid ever built for a physics experiment in terms of bending power for physics, total stored energy, and stored energy per unit of cold mass. The silicon-strip inner tracker, with about 200 m2 of active silicon, has been integrated into its support tube, commissioned, and thoroughly tested with cosmic rays. Its performance is excellent, fulfilling the design specifications. The silicon tracker was installed into CMS in december 2007. All the pixel modules are completed; it is planned to install the Pixel detector into CMS in mid-2008. The ECAL, comprising over 75 000 lead tungstate crystals, is the largest crystal calorimeter ever built. The crystals in the barrel part, comprising over 60 000 crystals, have been intercalibrated using cosmic rays and about a third in particle beams, demonstrating the ability to measure the energies ranging from those deposited by minimum ionising particles to high-energy electrons. An energy resolution of 0.5% for 120 GeV electrons has been attained. The ECAL barrel has been installed in the experiment and is being commissioned. The endcaps are foreseen to be inserted into the experiment in 2008. The entire HCAL has been completed and commissioned on the surface. The HCAL modules are currently being commissioned in the experiment proper. The various components of the Muon System (drift tubes, cathode strip chambers, resistive plate chambers) have been completed. A significant fraction of the Muon System has been commissioned and tested on surface with cosmic rays, and it is now being integrated into the experiment and being commissioned in-situ. In the very forward region, the Zero Degree Calorimeter has been completed and CASTOR is expected to be completed in 2008. The off-detector electronics are currently being installed and operations for trigger commissioning are taking place. Common data-acquisition runs with various sub-detectors, sometimes using cosmic rays, are regularly taking place at the experiment and will continue into spring 2008 in anticipation of collisions at LHC in mid-20

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Cite this paper as:

the CMS Collaboration, The CMS experiment at the CERN LHC, Journal of Instrumentation (JINST 3 S08004), 14 August 2008

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